How a Car Alloy Rim is Made?
Higher-end cars typically come with alloy wheels rather than basic steel wheels covered with a hubcap called mag .Wheels because when they first came out they were made of an alloy of magnesium today’s alloy wheels are made of an aluminum alloy which is far more durable and desirable . Aluminum alloy wheels are not only more attractive than standard steel wheels it also a fraction of the weight and therefore require less energy to rotate this contributes to greater fuel efficiency as well as better handling acceleration and braking Manufacturing.
It begins with high-grade aluminum alloy containing 97 % of aluminum in a furnace heats the ingots to 750 degrees Celsius which liquefy the Aluminum in about 25 minutes thus the molten aluminum flows directly to a mixer in which they inject argon gas . which enables it to remove the hydrogen which increases the density making the aluminum less porous. when it is solidified after adding powdered titanium magnesium and other metal licelements to further strengthen the aluminum. It blend in flux a chemical which draws aluminum oxide to the surface .it skim off this impurity along with the flux and the liquid aluminum is ready for casting.
The wheel mold is made of high-strength steel it’s actually a set of three molds . The upper mold which forms the inside face of the wheel the forepart side mold which forms the wheels edge . The lower mold which forms the outer face that’s the side with the design so this is the most intricate mold. it takes three to four weeks to produce a mold computer simulations. check the flow and temperature of the liquid aluminum factors critical for preventing casting defects .The casting machine is designed to fill the mold from the bottom by pressurized injection injecting upward through the bottom rather than pouring downward into the top reduces the risk of air bubbles .These air bubbles cause defects right before casting the molten metal flows through a filter sheet made of high temperature resistant .Ceramic this traps additional aluminum oxide once cast. The aluminum takes about seven to ten minutes to solidify then the mold automatically opens releasing the newly cast wheel .workers submerge it in lukewarm water for a few minutes this cools .it down enough to be handled the wheel undergoes a complex heat treatment process that takes 12 hours from start to finish.
Firstly it heat the wheel to molecular structure strengthening the metal next what’s known as quenching. In which it submerge the wheel in 80 degree water for 30 seconds .It locks in that new strength then it reheat the wheel this time to 180 degrees for nine hours to further stabilize the metal the wheel doesn’t come out of the mold in perfect condition. The edges are rough due to some excess metal that has to be trimmed off. so it mount the wheel on a computer-guided lathe it precision machines. the sides refining them to within point zero five millimeters of the measurements specified in the technical drawings as for the more intricate face of the wheel. A worker manually trims the edges with a blade the shape now finalized. it’s time to test the wheel to make sure it’s airtight while pumping air into the wheel. It is submerge in water should any air bubbles appear it would mean there’s a pinhole in the metal or some shrinkage.
In this case the wheel would fail inspection no air bubbles the wheel proceeds to the automated painting line .first a base coat then a coat of color which can be anything from classic silver or black to a flashy ER shade . then a clear coat to protect the paint and prevent corrosion from every fifteen hundred or so wheels the factory randomly selects two or three to test for performance and wear workers install the decorative cap. It covers the center hub it typically bears the specific brands logo then a final cosmetic inspection. To make sure these aluminum alloy wheels look as good as they perform in the future.