CHARACTERISTICS

  • Triethanolamine is one of the most commonly used chemicals. Basically it is an alkaline chemical but is less powerful than castic soda, castic potash, and soda ash.
  • Chemically it is written as T- E- A  tri 2- hydroxyl ethyl amine).
  • It is a colorless, pure and thick chemical compound
  • It smells like ammonia
  • It absorbs moisture when kept in air

MELTING POINT

212 OC

BOILING POINT

535 OC

DENSITY

  • 1.126

FLASH POINT

375 F

SOLUIBILITY

  • Soluble in water and alcohol
  • Completely soluble in chloroform
  • In commercial products, triethanolamine is present 25% and monoethanol is present 5%

AFFECTS

  • It catches fire and is less poisonous orally.

PREPARATION

  • It is obtained by the chemical reaction of ethylene oxide and ammonia.

GRADES

  • Technical, U-S-P and regular Grades

USES

  • Used in making fatty acid soap used for dry cleaning
  • Also used in making household detergents, emulsions and wool scoring, textile anti fume agent, pharmaceutical industry, rubber making, softening agent, and as a plasticizer
  • It also acts as an emulsifying agent
  • This compound is used in the following formulas of rubber making:
  • In rubber enforcing formulas
  • In shoes soling formulas

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